What is Periodontics?
Periodontics is the branch which deals with treating diseases that affect the supportive tissue of teeth and/or implants. This tissue can be made of either gum, bone or both of them at the same time.
Kinds of periodontal diseases
- Gingivitis affects only the gum
- Periodontitis or pyorrhea also affect the bone that holds the teeth and surrounding tissues
- Mucositis: when inflamed gingiva around the implants
- Perimplantitis: affects the bone supporting the implants
Bacteria and plaque which accumulate on the teeth, gums and/or implants. Other factors such as smoking and other factors, as diabetes, can favor its progression.
When it becomes a clinical case?
When one of the following symptoms may appear: Bleeding gums, bad breath, pain, elongated teeth, receding gums, sensitivity to cold and heat, change to the original position of the teeth and mobility.
Consequences of untreated periodontitis
Discomfort when chewing, increased senbilidad teeth, blemishes smile and dental implants or loss.
TYPES OF PERIODONTAL TREATMENT
- Scaling and root planing: Remove scale deposits and bacteria
- Resective surgery: Elimination of residual infection and inflammation
- Regenerative Surgery: Total or partial regenerate lost bone and improve the prognosis of teeth and implants
- Mucogingival Surgery: Improve the quantity and quality of the gums. Total or partial coverage of exposed roots or exposed implants
- Gingival Aesthetics Surgery: Improve the appearance of the tooth shape for a more harmonious smile
- Periodontal Maintenance Treatment: consists of regular visits hygiene to prevent re reiniciarese periodontal disease
IS THERE A CURE FOR PERIODONTAL DISEASES?
Sí. The treatment is able to stop periodontal disease where practiced indefinitely periodontal maintenance treatment and the patient monitor the oral hygiene and smoking tobacco. The frequency of maintenance visits are decided according to the periodontal condition with the patient at each visit. Failure to perform them, the disease is unlikely to revive. Sometimes a total control is not achieved and in this case the disease progresses slower than in untreated cases.
- Very aggressive forms such as those found in children or young adults.
- Smoking more than a pack a day.
- Patients with severe systemic disease like diabetes or who take certain medications.