Gum Diseases


Periodontics


Specialty that deals with treating diseases of the gums and bone that support the teeth and implants.  
 

Which are periodontal diseases?

  • Gingivitis affects only the gum
  • Periodontitis or pyorrhea also affect the bone that holds the teeth and surrounding tissues
  • Mucositis: when inflamed gingiva around the implants
  • perimplantitis: affects the bone supporting the implants

  • CAUSES

    Bacteria and plaque which accumulate on the teeth / gums and implants. Other factors such as smoking and diseases like diabetes favor its progression.


    Clinical Features

    The following symptoms may or may not appear: Bleeding gums, bad breath, pain, elongated teeth, receding gums, sensitivity to cold and heat, change to the original position of the teeth and mobility.


    CONSEQUENCES

    Discomfort when chewing, increased senbilidad teeth, blemishes smile and dental implants or loss.


    TYPES OF PERIODONTAL TREATMENT

    • Scaling and root planing: Remove scale deposits and bacteria.
    • Resective surgery: Elimination of residual infection and inflammation.
    • Regenerative Surgery: Total or partial regenerate lost bone and improve the prognosis of teeth and implants
    • Mucogingival Surgery: Improve the quantity and quality of the gums. Total or partial coverage of exposed roots or exposed implants.
    • Gingival Aesthetics Surgery: Improve the appearance of the tooth shape for a more harmonious smile.
    • Periodontal Maintenance Treatment: consists of regular visits hygiene to prevent re reiniciarese periodontal disease


    IS THERE A CURE FOR PERIODONTAL DISEASES?

    Sí. The treatment is able to stop periodontal disease where practiced indefinitely periodontal maintenance treatment and the patient monitor the oral hygiene and smoking tobacco. The frequency of maintenance visits are decided according to the periodontal condition with the patient at each visit. Failure to perform them, the disease is unlikely to revive. Sometimes a total control is not achieved and in this case the disease progresses slower than in untreated cases.
    These are:
    • Very aggressive forms such as those found in children or young adults.
    • Smoking more than a pack a day.
    • Patients with severe systemic disease like diabetes or who take certain medications.

    About the Author

    Vanessa Ruiz Magaz

    Expert in periodontal treatments, specialist member of the Spanish Periodontics Associations and a vocational scholastic.





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